Feb. 20, 1290

Papal bull “Ad Augmentum,” issued by Nicholas IV to the Franciscans who serve as inquisitors in Arles, Aix and Embrun [Present-day France]: “It has come to our ear that in some places under your jurisdiction, there are men and women who, though they were reborn through baptism, have since fallen into evil ways; whenever they are visited by some misfortune, they hold lighted lamps and candles in the synagogue and make offerings there, and hold vigils especially on the Sabbath, that the sick may regain their health, that the shipwrecked may reach a safe port, that women may survive childbirth without danger, and that the sterile be blessed with children. For these and other matters, they implore aid by means of the said rites, showing wicked devotion and every sign of reverence to the Scroll, as though serving an idol. All this is highly injurious to the Faith and insulting to the Creator. As this type of evil must be extirpated, we request that you look into the entire matter most carefully. If you shall find Christians of the sort described, and others, whether they be Jews or Christians, who mislead them, you are to disregard any papal privileges or indulgences these people may claim and proceed against them as idolators and heretics, denying them any right of appeal, and omitting no canonical punishment, so that the guilty may feel the severity of justice.”
Grayzel, Solomon. The Church and the Jews in the XIIIth Century, Volume II (1254-1315). The Jewish Theological Seminary of America: New York, 1989. Page 179. Researched by Dominik Jacobs 10/31/2019