ca. 1299 C.E.

Statutes of the Council of Vich (Catalonia) (1299) [Present-day Spain, France] [Provisional]: “Jews are to wear a badge so large and of a distinct color on their breast, that they may be seen and recognized. Furthermore, we prohibit them from having Christian nurses. Meat butchered by Jews shall not be sold to the Christian faithful. Moreover, we enjoin all princes, Castilian barons, and other secular lords, as well as their administrators in the Diocese and Province of [Gallia] Lugdunensis, from letting Jews enjoy public office of any nature, under penalty of excommunication.”
Grayzel, Solomon. The Church and the Jews in the XIIIth Century, Volume II (1254-1315). The Jewish Theological Seminary of America: New York, 1989. Page 262. Researched by Dominik Jacobs 11/21/2019