Dec. 29, 1302

“Papal bull” issued by Archbishop Wigbold von Holte [Present-day Germany; Bishopric of Cologne]: “We, Wigbold (‘Wicboldus’) Archbishop by the grace of God, grant Our Jews of Cologne, who reside here, protection, and rights in courts, and exemption from tariffs for nine years beginning with the Feast of St. Remingius […]. In return, the Jews are bound to pay an additional 60 Marks* annually of which half is due on Easter and the other half on St. Reminius Day. […]” [Researcher’s note:  The 60 Marks mentioned here are in addition to the 1,200 Mark which the Jews were obliged to pay annually.]
Köln, HAStadt, Best. 210, U 2/715, Orig., lat., Perg. (Cologne, Main Archive of the City, Best. 210, U 2/715, Original], Latin, [on] Parchment Paper); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 1/20/2018