Sept. 5, 1470

“Writ” of Archbishop Adolph II of Nassau [Present-day Germany; Electorate of Mainz]: “We, Adolph (‘Adolf’) have decided […] to revoke our good-will and protection/escort (‘Trostunge und Gleyde uff- und abgesagt haben’) from our Jewish citizens, their children, and their servants, that means that starting with Saint Micheal’s Day [September 29] no Jew may live, cross, or be present in any of our cities, castles, towns, villages, lands or territories.”
Diplomatische Geschichte der Juden zu Mainz und dessen Umgebung, mit Berücksichtigung ihres Rechtszustandes in the verschiedenen Epochen. Aus größtenteils ungedruckten Urkunden bearbeitet von K. A. Schaab, b. R. Dr., Vicepräsident des vormaligen Großh. Kreisgerichts zu Mainz, Ritter des Großh. Hessen Ludwigsordens 1r Klasse. (Mainz; 1855); (Diplomatic History of Jew in Mainz and its surroundings, taking into account their legal standing in the various eras. From mostly unpublished documents edited by K. A. Schaab. […] PhD, Vice President of the former Grandd[uchy]’s district court of Mainz, Knight of the Grand Duchy of Hesse’s Ludwig Order of the first class.) Mainz; 1855; Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 8/14/2019