May 8, 1536

“Jewish Regulation” [Habsburg Empire; Present-day Austria]: “[… ] Hungarian and Bohemian Royal M[ajesty …] Archduke of Austria […] our all gracious Lord given order as to how the Jews of Vienna are to act. [It is] ordered that from now on, just like the domestic and settled Jews that are part of [His Royal Majesty’s] ‘chamber goods’ (Camerguet)* now also foreign and unknown Jews and such, who come to Vienna, are to be stopped in order to prevent complaints and burdens that are of disadvantage to the city of Vienna and the common man who are hurt by the dealings, tradings and usury of the Jews and their secretive workings and practices. […] Furthermore, Jews who live or are settled in this Lower-Austrian Dukedom […] and are [His Royal Majesty’s] ‘chamber goods’* who comes here and want to stay in or near the city of Vienna more than over night have to report to the Royal M[ajesty’s] government […] of their dealings and possessions and what they’re intending to do […] as soon as they arrive […]; the before mentioned authorities […] are to issue them a certificate on a piece of paper that outlines their dealings and things […] and how long that (particular) Jew is allowed to remain here. […] he’s not to remain longer in the country – secretly or publicly – than what the authorities have authorized.  And so long a Jew is here for trade or business, he is to wear the Jewish sign uncovered and openly on his clothing, so that he can be recognized […] by the Christians […]; also, no Jew is allowed to trade, handle or exchange […] or lest face severe punishment […] they are also prohibited to have any accommodations, except two unmarked houses; those Jews who are found to be in violation of the before mentioned [law], and found [by chance] or tracked down are to be punished severely.”
Braumüller, Wilhelm: Urkunden und Akten zur Geschichte der Juden in Wien. Erste Abteilung. Allgemeiner Teil 1526-1847. Erster Band. (Wien) 1918. p. 2; Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 2/26/2016