Jun. 30, 1628

“Jewish Privilege for Bohemia and Silesia” issued by Ferdinand II [Present-day Czech Republic; Germany; Poland etc.; Duchies of Silesia/Kingdom of Bohemia/Bohemian Crown lands]: “[Jews may be permitted to practice their learned craft, but because this has caused intense disputes between them and the Christians craftsmen, which has lasted for years …] We are still resolved to allow Jews to practice their craft, however, with the following restrictions and limitations […] they may not hire Christian apprentices, Störer*, or Pfuscher*, nor permit these to engage in fraud. They may not carry around [to sell] their crafted items on alleys nor in homes [unless they have been called into a home specifically in an emergency], instead, they are to sell these at their trade-market or have a proper shop in the Jewish-city/quarter […]. [Violators are to have their items confiscated and receive appropriate punishment …]. The pursuit of crafts such as gunsmith, sword-maker, and armor-maker, and other such crafts related to the military, however, shall be inhibited and stopped and remain entirely inhibited to Jews.” [Researcher’s note: *Störer and *Pfuscher were craftsmen who were not members of the guild and who often moved around and worked irregularly and mostly illegally. The word ‘Pfuscher’ in German still refers to someone who bungles a task for lack of skill and craftsmanship.]
Systema Jurisprudentiae Opificiariae. Joannis Henrici Meyeri. (System of laws regarding the treasury); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 4/13/2020