Oct. 16, 1696

“Patent regarding stores and stalls/kiosks of Jews in the various localities” by Eberhard von Danckelmann* on behalf of Fredrick III [Present-day Germany; Margraviate of Brandenburg]: “After His Serene Highness, the Prince-Elector of Brandenburg and […] Our gracious lord, have received a number of humble [complaints] from [the various guilds …] that the ordinances of 1693 regarding Jewish-stores and stalls/kiosks […] are no longer regarded very much, so that not only those stores that were closed in the past are now open again, but the number of stalls/kiosks have increased in such a manner, that it is now nearly impossible to walk through any street in Berlin without encountering Jewish-stores/businesses (‘Juden-Gewölbe’) that sell all sorts of knick-knacks to the detriment of the local businesses […] this is why His Serene Highness orders with the power of this: 1) […] local protected Jews who have established a store or a stall/kiosk after the year 1690 are to close these down and not to reestablish them in the future, even if that is noted in their letters of protection […].” [Researcher’s note: *Eberhard von Danckelmann served as Prime Minister of Brandenburg-Prussia from 1692-97.]
Des Corporis Constitutionum Marchicarum, Fünffter Theil. Von Polizey-Hochzeit-Kindtauffen-Begräbniß und Trauer- Kleider- auch Feuer-Gassen und anderen zur Polizei gehörigen Ordnungen, deren Städte Anbau, Manufacturen- Commercien- Woll- und Handwercks-Sachen, Dorff- und Acker- Bauer- Schäffer- Hirten- Gesinde-Ordnungen, und andren das Land-Wesen und Acker-Bau betreffenden Materien, item von Medicinal-Ordnungen, Chirurgis, Apotheckern, Pest-Anstalten, Vieh-Sterben. Scharffrichtern, Abdeckern, Schweinschneidern, Landstreichern, Zigeunern, Juden, Wirths-Häusern, und dergleichen. In Fünff Abtheilungen. (“Regarding the constitution of margraviate. Fifth part. Pertaining to police, marriage, baptism, funeral, mourning, clothing as well as fire-alley and other police ordinances, of city planning/building, manufacturing, commerce, wool, and other craftsmanships, village, farm and famers and shepherds, herdsmen, servant ordinances, and other matters pertaining to land-ownership and farming, as well as medical ordinances, surgery, apothecary, plague-institutions, and dying of cattle. Executioners/slaughterers. skinners, pork-cutters, tramps, gypsies, Jews, Inns/Taverns and the like. In five divisions.”); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 8/29/2019