Sept. 3, 1723

“Patent” issued by the City Council of Dresden [Present-day Germany]: “It appears that Jews sneak in and buy up silver and jewels and import all sorts of merchandise, and they even appear to have a gold-cutter amongst themselves. [That is why] all Jews are prohibited to be present outside of the times of the annual markets at the threat of 20 Rthl. [Reichsthaler] fine […] Lehmann’s and Meyer’s aids/servants are prohibited to engage in any kind of trade.”
Lehmann, Emil: Der polnische Resident Berend Lehmann, der Stammvater der israelitischen Religionsgemeinde zu Dresden. Von seinem Ur- Ur- Urenkel. (E. Pierson) Dresden 1885. Abgedruckt in: Emil Lehmann, Gesammelte Schriften. (The Polish resident Berend Lehmann, the progenitor of the Israeli religious community in Dresden. From his great-great-great-grandson. (E. Pierson); (Dresden; 1885). Printed in Emil Ehemann, Collected Writings); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 5/14/2020