Oct. 1, 1731

Jew-Ordinance, issued by Wilhelmine von Grävenitz, Imperial Countess of Württemberg, for the City of Freudenthal [Present-day Germany]: “7. On the Sabbath and on feast days, the Jews shall not be disturbed in their peace by any court orders or subpoenas; in exchange, on Christian holidays, they shall follow the tradition of the land and conduct themselves quietly and indoors. 15. For loans between 50 and 100 guilders, our Jews may take 6 percent, between 30 and 50 guilders 12 percent, but under 30 guilders one Württemberg pfenning per week, or what else they are being given voluntarily and outside of such contracts. However, no Christian houses or other real estate shall be used as collateral without authorization and documentation by the court, and any loan of 50 guilders given for half a year or longer must be certified by the court in order to be valid. 23. In exchange for his concession, our Court Jew* shall pay one thousand guilders in cash, which has been done today and is hereby acknowledged.” [Researcher’s note: *A court Jew, or court factor (German: Hofjude, Hoffaktor), was a Jewish banker who handled the finances of, or lent money to, European, mainly German, royalty and nobility.]
Tänzer, P. Die Rechtsgeschichte der Juden in Württemberg 1806-1828 (Legal History of the Jews in Württemberg.) Kohlhammer: Berlin, 1922. Page 83. Researched by Dominik Jacobs 1/12/2020