Jul. 10, 1775

“[Royal] Court Resolution” of Maria Theresa [Present-day Czech Republic; Germany; Kingdom of Bohemia]: “[…] Secondly: According to the new General-Coin-Ordinance of May 26, 1746, Jews are not to purchase, trade or sell any gold or silver […] and the learning of the profession of goldsmith is to cease and be prohibited altogether [to them] in the future [… especially, on the countryside, with the exception of goldsmiths in cities like Brno as long as they continue their profession until the end of their life-time and do not take on any new apprentices …]. Thirdly: […] local Jews, who wish to trade with gold or silver, must attain a certificate or passport from the Moravian land-accessor (‘Landprobierer’) and the representative of the Main-Mint-Office (‘Hauptmünzamts-Repräsentanten’) which cannot be valid for more than a year […]. Without such certificate, all trade with gold and silver is to be completely prohibited to Jews and remain that way at the threat of punishments outlined by the [previously issued] patent.” [Researcher’s note: This “Royal Resolution” was sent to the State-Mint-Accessor (‘Landes-Münzprobierer’) Depree and the Commerce-Commission (‘Commercien-Commission’) to be made public. In response, a Royal Court Decree was issued and published on July 28, 1775, by these government representatives of Maria Theresa.]
Schirek, Carl. Die Punzierung in Mähren. Gleichzeitig ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Goldschmidekunst. (Brünn; 1902); (Hallmarking in Moravia. At the same time, a contribution to the history of the art of goldsmithing.); (Brno; 1902); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 2/13/2020