Jan. 13, 1809

Ordinance, issued by Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Baden [Present-day Germany]: “XXX. Each local synagogue must have among its officers a local rabbi, who must be a learned man, examined according to regulations, appointed by the local authority and confirmed by the provincial government, as well as a local elder, appointed from among the most educated Jewish citizens, and confirmed by the same authority overseeing his synagogue. The former is responsible for religious instruction, while both are responsible for temple doctrine and discipline, for supporting the enforcement of any orders from the authorities regarding Jews, and for executing any lawful orders from their provincial synagogue.”
Heinemann, Jeremiah (Ed.). Sammlung der die religiöse und bürgerliche Verfassung der Juden in den königlich Preussischen Staaten betreffenden Gesetze, Verordnungen, Gutachten, Berichte und Erkenntnisse (Collection of Laws, Ordinances, Evaluations, Reports and Findings Regarding the Religious and Civil Constitution of the Jews in the Prussian States). Heymann: Berlin, 1831. Page 476. Researched by Dominik Jacobs 5/4/2020