Sept. 29, 1814

“Regarding fees for Jewish marriages” issued by the Grand Duke Fredrick Francis I (‘Friedrich Franz’) of Mecklenburg-Schwerin [Present-day Germany; Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin]: “Fredrick Francis […] if a Jewish denizen marries a local or a foreign female person (‘Frauensperson’) in our lands/territories, he shall be required to pay the hazzan (‘Vorsänger)* and the Schulklopfer (‘Schul-klöpfer’)** of his place of residency 1/2 a percent (of the worth) of the dowry of his wife as fees […]” [Researcher’s note: *A hazzan/chazzan is a Jewish musician who is trained in the art of leading a congregation through prayer. **A Schulklopfer is someone who calls the Jewish community to prayer.]
Gesetzsammlung für die Mecklenburg-Schwerin’schen Lande. Zweite Folge, umfassend den Zeitraum vom Anfange dieses Jahrhunderts bis zum Jahre 1852. Herausgegeben von H. F. W. Raabe, Canzleiadvocaten. IV Band. (Collection of Laws for the lands/region of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. Second edition, covering the period starting with this century until 1852. Edited by H. F. W. Raabe, advocate. Volume IV.); (1852); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 2/1/2020 ADD PAGE #