Nov. 23, 1854

“Order/Decision” issued by the governing Council (of the Canton) of Aargau [Present-day Switzerland]: “The Jews of Aargau are permitted to slaughter cattle according to their culture/rituals and in derogation of §2 of the law regarding animal abuse from November 23, 1853,* […], however, this is to be only limited to the communities in Endingen and Lengnau […]” [Researcher’s note: *This regulation stipulated: “The slaughter of animals without prior anesthesia before blood-letting is prohibited for all kinds of animals without exception …” which rendered all slaughter according to Jewish rituals illegal.]
Stüssi, Marcel: Modes of Religious Freedom. Switzerland, the United States, and Syria by Analytical, Methodological, and Eclectic Representation. (Zurich/Berlin; 2012); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 6/21/2020