ca. 628

[Possible/Probable] “Forced Conversion of Jews” issued by Emperor Heraclius [Byzantium; Present-day Turkey, Italy] 

Commentary from other sources:
1) Heraclius set out to forcibly convert the Jews of the Byzantine Empire, reportedly advising his friend Dagobert, king of the Franks, to do likewise. “And after his victory over the Persians, he renewed the prohibition for Jews to enter Jerusalem.” [The Greek and/or Latin text could be found in the “Chronicon Paschale” or in the Corpus Scriptorum Historiae Byzantinae” (Body/Collection of Byzantine Historical Writers) which contains both the Greek and Latin texts.  See also: Corpus Fontium Historiae Byzantinae.)

Falk, Avner : A Psychoanalytic History of the Jews. Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press (1996) pp. 353–354; Funk and Wagnalls: Byzantine Empire: Heraclius. Jewish Encyclopedia. (1906); Archiv für katholisches Kirchenrecht, Volume 44 (Archive for catholic church laws; Volume 44) (Mainz; 1880);