ca. 1020

Order of Pope Benedict VIII [Holy Roman Empire; Present-day Italy] [Unconfirmed]

Commentary from other sources:
1) An earthquake followed by a hurricane ravages Rome, Italy, and Pope Benedict VIII has a number of Jews arrested for alleged host desecration. They all “confess” under torture and are burned at the stake.¬†Riots ensued after Jews were accused of causing the earthquake by their alleged denigration of the cross. Pope Benedict VIII ordered the beheading (others say burning) Jews for causing the disaster, and the resulting plague. [Some sources place this event around 1020, while a later chronicle of Cesare Baronius gives the date as 1017; another source (though not confirmed) places the date at 4/2/1021].
Horowitz, Elliott: Reckless Rites: Purim and the Legacy of Jewish Violence; jewishhistory.org; (New Jersey; 2006)