ca. 1205

[Possible/Probable] Papal bull by Pope Innocent III addressed to King of France [Present-day France] (Needs full date): “We advise and urge in the name of the Lord…that you strive to destroy Jewish abuses of the kingdom of the Franks…rise up to eliminate these heretics…” [Researcher’s note: In this papal bull, Innocent III accuses Jews of usury, blasphemy, arrogance, employing Christian slaves and murder. Innocent III urges the king to put an end to these “evils.”]
S. Grayzel, The Church and the Jews in the XIIIth Century, New York, 1966, 104-8, Researched and Translated by Joan Paez 2/12/2016