ca. 1261 C.E.

[Possible/Probable] “Writ” issued by Duke Henry III of Brabant, year 1261 [Duchy of Brabant; Present-day Belgium, Netherlands] [Provisional]: “[…] all Jews [… must] be expelled from […] Brabat. They are to be totally extirpated (rooted out, destroyed completely) until not even one remains, unless they […] engage in commerce after the fashion of other merchants and agree to cease their practice of money-lending and usury.” [Researcher’s note: This order is stated in Duke Henry’s will.]
Jewish Virtual Library. Belgium. West European kingdom. The Medieval Community. www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org; Accessed online; Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 12/11/2018