Dec. 8, 1286

“Order” of King Rudolf of Habsburg [Present-day Germany; Free Imperial City of Mainz/Electorate of Mainz]: “[We] Rudolf, king of the Romans by the grace of God, inform the Jews that they are Our chamber-servants and belong to us or to the princes to whom we have loaned them to […]. Therefore, it is only fair and reasonable, that We or the aforementioned lords, should procure the possessions of those Jews who have left Our and their dominions without permission […]. In order to punish these Jews for violating the law, We shall take and utilize – with [Our] confidence in the prudence and loyalty of the Archbishop of Mainz and the Count of Katzenbogen – all the possession of such Jews from Speyer, Worms, Oppenheim, Mainz, and Wetternau […]. The Jews of Mainz are hereby ordered to obey the Archbishop and the Count in this matter, and to support them if they do not want to be subject to our indignation and fall out of Our grace. […]”
Würzburg, StA, Mainzer Urkunden 1049, Orig., lat., Perg. (“Würzburg, State Archive, Official Documents of Mainz 1049, Orig[inal], Latin, [on] Parchment Paper”); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 5/15/2017