Dec. 1, 1299

“Mandate” of King Albrecht I of Habsburg to the Jews of Dortmund [Present-day Austria, Germany, Slovenia, Switzerland]: “[…] the Jewish magistrates and the Jews of Dortmund have not obeyed Our order [of October 18, 1299] […] and as it has been reported to Us, have made payments […] so large and grave, that some have moved their residency to other places. […] Some people have [even] used violence to extort such payments. […] Not only have you been affected by these disadvantages and large losses, but the kingdom and the Archbishop as well.  […] no one [except the Archbishop] shall claim for himself the rights on the goods of the Jews and the Jews themselves […]. If the Jews do not obey Our mandate, We shall regard them as hostile and contemptuous […] and punish them accordingly. […]”
Köln, HAStadt, Best. 210, U 1/653, Orig., lat., Perg. (“Cologne, Historical Archive of the City, Record 210, U 1/653, Orig[inal], Latin, [on] Parchment Paper”); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 7/13/2017