Jul. 23, 1312

“Decree” of King Friedrich II [Present-day Italy; Kingdom of Sicily/Crown of Aragon]: “[…] the Jews of Palermo are henceforth to live outside of the city-walls separate from the [local] Christians. […]”
Zur Geschichte und Literatur. Von Dr. Zunz. Erster Band. (Regarding History and Literature. B Dr. Zunz. First Volume.); Berlin; 1845; Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 8/20/2019