Mar. 5, 1325

“Papal Order” issued by Pope John XXII and addressed to Archbishop Henry of Cologne [Present-day Germany; Electorate of Cologne]: “[…] Since none of our Jews is permitted to demand severe and excessive interests from the Christians, you [Archbishop Henry of Cologne] are to apply to the Jews of your diocese and all other places of your secular rule the Constitutions of the Holy and Apostolic Councils which contains stipulation against reprehensible usury […]. Jews who refuse to return money to Christians that is rightfully theirs should be prohibited from communicating/interacting with the faithful [Christians].  […]” [Researcher’s note: This document is issued and signed in Avignon.]
Urkunden und Regesten zur Geschichte der Rheinlande 1, Nr. 740, S. 349 f. (“Certificates and Directories on the History of the Rhineland 1, No. 740, p. 349 f.”); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 5/24/2017