Nov. 1, 1367

“Letter/Writ of Protection” (‘Schutzbrief’) issued by Rupert I, Elector Palatine (Heidelberg) (Pfalzgraf Ruprecht I, der Rote) [Elector Palatine; Present-day Germany]: “Ruprecht I takes all non-resident (‘feltsiechen’) Jews under his protection and grants them the same rights as the resident Jews (‘truwenhelder’) […] except, Jews are not to have any contact with the people of the Palatine (‘wandelunge und zusprachunge’). […] The first non-resident Jew who settles [in the Palatine] is to give 200 Gulden annually for the next three years and each Jew who settles there after him pay 25 Gulden. Each Jews must guarantee the proper payment his entire life. […]” [Researcher’s note: The above is a summary of the original. The quotes in the parentheses are from the original text.]
Regesten der Pfalzgrafen am Rhein 1214 – 1508. Herausgegeben von dem Badischen Historischen Commission. Erster Band. 1214-1400. (Regesta of the Counts of Palatine on the Rhine. 1214-1508.  Published by the Historical Commission of Baden [Germany]. First Volume. 1214-1400.) Innsbruck; 1894; Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 11/2/2018