Nov. 2, 1435

“Decree” issued by the Government of Sicily [Present-day Italy; Kingdom of Sicily/Crown of Aragon]: “[…] [Jewish] meat-sellers* (‘Fleischscharren’) in Palermo are to visibly display/post a red cloth/rag on their booths in order to distinguish themselves as Jews from the others. […]” [Researcher’s note: *’[Fleisch]Scharren were booths/stands in the Middle Ages – often inside of markets and or cities – that sold bread, meat, fish etc.]
Zur Geschichte und Literatur. Von Dr. Zunz. Erster Band. (Regarding History and Literature. B Dr. Zunz. First Volume.) Berlin; 1845; Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 8/20/2019