Feb. 24, 1494

“Writ” issued by the Bohemian Government [Present-day Czech Republic]: “[…] if someone finds a stolen item in the Jewish city/quarters on a Jew, the latter is to return the item without arguing or requiring payment […] Jews are only to lend money on pledges, not on documents or registries because otherwise some confusions may arise. If a Jew lends money on a stolen item and the person who is robbed suffers harm/damages because of it, the Jew is to replace such without a dispute or to point out the thief to the victim. If the Jew does not do this, the one robbed can place a claim on his belongings and life.” [Researcher’s note: The above is a translation of a German summary of the old Czech text both of which can be found in the cited source.]
Zur Geschichte der Juden in Böhmen, Mähren und Schlesien von 906 bis 1620. Herausgegeben von Gottlieb Bondy, em. Präsidenten der Handels- und Gewerbekammer in Prag. Zur Herausgabe vorbereitet und ergänzt von Franz Dworsky, em. Director des Landesarchivs des Königreiches Böhmens. I. 906 bis 1576. (Prag; 1906); (Regarding the history of Jews in Bohemia, Moravia, and Silesia from 906 to 1620. Published by Gottlieb Bondy, fo[rmer] President of the Trade and Commerce and Industry in Prague. Prepared for publication and supplemented by Franz Dworsky, fo[rmer] Director of the National Archives of the Kingdom of Bohemia. I. 906 to 1576.); (Prague; 1906); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 5/18/2019