Jun. 25, 1521

“Mandate” issued by Emperor Charles V (‘Karl’), Duke of Württemberg [Present-day Germany; Duchy of Württemberg]: “Since the Jewry in Our Württemberg (‘Wirtemberg’) have loaned Our citizens and subjects money against immovable goods for large interest and usury which have caused our folks and our princely local authorities […] considerable damage […] which is why we wish that henceforth no Jew or Jewess may loan money against interest or usury – publicly or in secret – to our authorities (‘Landstellen’) or our subjects in the Duchy of Württemberg, and those who violate this order shall have their goods, interest, and money confiscated and no court shall side with them under any circumstances. […]”
Geschichte der Juden in Württemberg in ihrem Verhältniß zum Staat, bis 1806. von Johannes Fallati. (History of Jews in Württemberg in their relationship to the state, until 1806.); (Tübingen; 1852); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 1/6/2020