Aug. 11, 1542

“Order” issued by Bishop Conrad III [Prince-Bishopric of Würzburg; Present-day Germany]: “[…] no outside/foreign Jew or Jewess, young or old, shall walk in or through the city of Würzburg or its suburbs, except if such person pays the mayor/bailiff (‘Schultheißen’) a tariff of one Würzburg-Schilling. […] an outside/foreign Jew or Jewess may also no longer stay overnight [in the city] except if he pays a Schilling for each night […] A fine of 10 Gulden is to be applied to each Jewish violator and equally to those who harbor/house [such Jews. …]”
Die Juden in Franken. Ein unpartheiischer Beitrag zur Sitten- und Rechtsgeschichte Frankens von Dr. Ludwig Heffner, praktischer Arzt zu Würzburg, Konservater des historischen Vereins daselbst. Mit 29 Urkunden-Beilagen (Nürnberg; 1855); (Jews in Frankonia. An Non-Partisan Contribution Regarding the Moral and Legal History of Franconia by Dr. med. Ludwig Heffner, practical physician to Würzburg, Conservator of the Historical Association there (of the same city). With 29 [Official] Documents Attached.); (Nuremberg; 1855); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 3/24/2018