Mar. 5, 1545

“Writ” issued by the City of Aachen [Present-day Germany]: “Mayors (‘Bürgermeister’), lay-judges (‘Schöffen’)* [City] Council and common citizens of the royal seat […announce and] certify with the power of this […] that the common Jewry in the Holy Roman Empire of the German nation […] the Jews [named] with their wives, children and servants along with all of their possessions are given protection in the City of Aachen for ten years starting on April 1, 1545 [… however,] each family must pay 15 Joachimsthaler (currency) annually to the city; furthermore, they are to wear a sign outside of their clothing, as it is common elsewhere. The city [on the other hand] agrees and commits to not raise any further taxes from the Jews, except those imposed by the empire […].” [Researcher’s note: *A Schöffe was a title of an honorary judge in German speaking territories during the Middle Ages and later.]
Aus Aachen Vorzeit. Mitteilungen des Vereins für Kunde der Aachener Vorzeit. Im Auftrage des Vorstandes herausgegeben von Heinrich Schnock. Nr. 13. Siebzehnter Jahrgang. 1904. (Of [Pre-]Historic Aachen. Communications/Notifications of the society for the lore/knowledge/science of Aachen’s past (pre-history). Commissioned by the )executive) board and edited by Heinrich Schnock. No. 13. Seventeenth issue. 1904.); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 11/6/2019 ADD PAGE #