May 29, 1559

“Extract of the Privilege” of Emperor Ferdinand I [Present-day Germany; Free Imperial City of Lindau/Holy Roman Empire]: “We, Ferdinand, by the grace of God, elected Roman Emperor [… have bestowed upon the mayor and City Council of Lindau and its citizens the freedom …] to no longer permit Jews or Jewesses [to enter into usurious contracts of any kind with locals … ] and Jews or Jewesses who act in defiance [against this order] after it has been made public, are to pay Us and Our successors 10 Mark of soldered gold […] and lose both their capital and any usurious interests […]”
Des Reichs-Stättischen Hand-Buchs. Zweyter Theil. (Hand-book of the Imperial Cities. Second part.); (Tübingen; 1733); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 5/8/2020