Feb. 28, 1560

“Order” of Prince-Bishop Bernhard von Raesfeld [Prince-Bishopric of Münster; Present-day Germany]: “[…] Dear faithful! After we’ve come to realize (‘befunden’) that Jews living, conversing, and dealing among us amounts to nothing less than blasphemy and abuse of our Lord Jesus Christ […] we have decided once and for all, to no longer tolerate them in our territories […] and that they shall not be seen after Palm-Sunday (April 7) in this our Stift […] or face a proper/severe punishment […]”
Westfalia Judaica III. Quellen und Regesten zur Geschichte der Juden in der Stadt Münster 1530-1650/1662. Herausgegeben von Diethard Aschoff. Institutum Judaicum Delitzschianum der Westfälischen Wilhelms-Universität Münster. Band 3.1. (“Jewish Westfalia III. Sources and Regests Regarding the History of Jews in the City of Münster 1530-1650/1662. Edited by Diethard Aschoff. Institutum Judaicum Delitzschianum at the Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Westphalia.”); (Münster; 2000); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 10/18/2018