Sept. 30, 1611

Expulsion of un-liberated Jews ordered by Matthias II of Austria [Austria / Holy Roman Empire; Present-day Austria, Hungary, Czech Republic, Croatia]: “We, Matthias of Ander, etc. […]: Like Our beloved Lord and brother, his Royal Majesty, we had graciously allowed numerous Jews to live well, stay, and do business so long there are no complains or damages to Our citizens, … and trades people. However, we have found through serious daily complaints from citizens, … and trades people that since this permission was granted, numerous Jews from everywhere have come to the city of Vienna without permission or authorization, and are not only passing through without permission, but are also setting up their own businesses (Gewelder)* and other such things and weaken Our citizens and are even sending some of them into the ruin. However, since Our office was appointed to us by a Christian King […] we are no longer going to allow that Our loyal Christian citizens are driven into poverty and ruin by the Jews, but […] order finally and with all seriousness that all Jews who do not have a special ‘free letter’ (Freybief) – are to leave the city of Vienna and Burckfrid with their wives, children, ‘themselves’ and their possessions within 3 months of issuance of this general edict, and that after the three months are over, no one (Jew) is allowed to be return back in or to do business.” [Researcher’s note: *Could not find any definition as to what *”Gewelder” were, possibly a modification of the word “Gewerbe” which means “businesses” – Christian traders where afraid of Jews opening up their own “free” businesses.]
Braumüller, Wilhelm: Urkunden und Akten zur Geschichte der Juden in Wien. Erste Abteilung. Allgemeiner Teil 1526-1847. Erster Band. (Wien) 1918. p. 44; Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 2/17/2016