Jan. 12, 1616

“Mandate” issued by Bishop Johann Gottfried v. Aschhausen [Prince-Bishopric of Bamberg; Present-day Germany]: “[…] 12) And so that one can distinguish Jews from Christians, each Jew shall wear a yellow ring on the right side of his coat, skirt, or sleeve […] publicly and easily noticeable when ever they wish to come into our city of Bamberg, or any of our other cities, markets, and places. The Jewish women, however, are to wear a yellow veil […] so that as soon as our mandate is published […] they [Jew] are to be fined ten gulden each time one or the other steps into our city and domain in the future without such signs, […] in areas where they (Jews) pay their customs/tolls, this is to be paid especial attention to. […]”
Eckstein, Adolf (District Rabbi): Geschichte der Juden im ehemaligen Fürstbistum Bamberg, bearbeitet auf Grund von Archivalien, nebst urkundlichen Beilagen, (History of the Jews in the Former Prince-Bishopric of Bamberg, edited on the basis of archiving, together with documented supplements); (Bamberg; 1898); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 5/15/2018 ADD PAGE #