Sept. 7, 1620

“Ordinance” of the [City] Council of Münster [Prince-Bishopric of Münster; Present-day Germany]: “Since it has been noticed that many Jews sneak in […] under the guise of their made-up legal dealings but instead engage in usury and loan money on pledges/pawns […] it has been decided that henceforth each Jew who wishes to apply for protection shall be referred to me or my secretary in order that his name and length of protection can be recorded. […] those who do not stay overnight shall pay a fee of 2 s[hillings], of which 18 d[enars] are to be submitted to the treasury (‘siegelkaste’)*, 6 d[enars] to me […] the secretary. Those who stay one or more nights, shall pay 3 s[hillings] for each night of their stay, of which 2 s[shillings] shall go to the treasury (‘siegelkaste’) and 1 s[hiling] to me, secretary for each entry/annotation/permit.” [Researcher’s note: The Council later reduces the fee to one schilling per day and per night in response to various pleas from Jews.]
Westfalia Judaica III. Quellen und Regesten zur Geschichte der Juden in der Stadt Münster 1530-1650/1662. Herausgegeben von Diethard Aschoff. Institutum Judaicum Delitzschianum der Westfälischen Wilhelms-Universität Münster. Band 3.1. (“Jewish Westfalia III. Sources and Regests Regarding the History of Jews in the City of Münster 1530-1650/1662. Edited by Diethard Aschoff. Institutum Judaicum Delitzschianum at the Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Westphalia.”); (Münster; 2000); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 10/20/2018