Oct. 17, 1712

“Edict” issued by the Prussian Government [Present-day Germany, Poland, Russia; Duchy of Brandenburg/Prussia]: “[…] Jews who are not protected (‘vergleitet’) and who [are] beg[gars], are not to be tolerated. […]”
Stern, Selma: Der Preussische Staat und die Juden; Erster Teil/Die Zeit des Großen Kurfürsten und Friedrichs I; (“The Prussian State and the Jews; Part One/The Period of the Great Prince-Elector and Frederick I”); (Tübingen; 1962); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 9/15/2017