Sept. 14, 1770

“Ordinance” issued by the Government of Prince-Elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg [Present-day Germany; Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg/Holy Roman Empire]: “[…] 1) that all Polish-Jews shall be earnestly forbidden to enter and to be present in these/our lands. […] all local authorities are to watch over this in their districts […] and have this posted again publicly on all warning-poles (‘Warnungs-Pfählen’), […] at border-crossings, and on secret paths and byways, as well as in taverns; 2) Should this current ordinance be defied again, and there be foreign beggar-Jews present again in our lands after 6 weeks […] the protected Jewry* shall be liable for them. […] therefore, it is to be announced in all non-local places and warned that Polish-Jews as well as beggar-Jews are not to be allowed entry into our lands […]” [Researcher’s note: *There were a number of Jews who were given special permissions to settle in the territories of Brunswick-Lüneburg.]
Des Königreichs Hannover Landes-Gesetz und Verordnungen, insbesondere der Fürstenthümer Calenberg, Göttingen und Grubenhagen. In einem Auszug nach alphabetischer Ordnung gebracht von Friedrich Christoph Willich, Doctor der Rechte und königliche Großbritannisch Honnoverschen Rath. Erster Band. A – G. Zweyte Auflage. (“State Laws and Ordinäres of the Kingdom of Hannover, especially the principalities of Calenberg, Göttingen and Grubenberg. As abstracts in alphabetical order prepared by Friedrich Christoph Willich, JD, and Royal Britisch Council of Hannover. First Volume, A – G. Second issue.”); (Göttingen; 1825); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 8/23/2019