Mar. 1, 1790

“Governmental Circular” issued by the Austrian Government [Present-day Austria; Archduchy of Austria]: “The roaming around and trading (‘Tändeln’)* with clothing articles and other items/commodities in houses, vaults/business-stands (‘Gewölben’), open alleys (‘Gassen’), and streets is prohibited to the Jews with the real threat of an arrest and – depending on the circumstances – other corporal punishments. […]” [Researcher’s note: The same or similar prohibitions were issued via ordinances of July 13, 1787; July 4, 1788; November 21, 1788; October 16, 1789; royal court ordinance of May 13, 1792; governmental ordinance of May 25, 1792. *“Tändeln” appears to be a word combining both “Handel” and “Trödeln” into one and refers here to the act of roaming around in order to sell knick-knacks.]
Erzherzogthum Oesterreich unter der Enns. Von Christian Johann Paurnfeindt, wirklichen k. k. Rath und Referenten bei dem niederösterr. Mercantil- und Wechselgerichte; (Wien; 1836); (Trade book of commercial laws and its procedural application to the commercial/trade courts, with special consideration of the Archduchy of Austria under the Enns. By Christian Johann Paurnfeindt, real/true r[oyal] i[mperial] advisor and referent at the Lower Austrian commercial/trade and exchange court); (Vienna; 1836); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 8/28/2018 ADD PAGE #