Feb. 27, 1794

“Ordinance” issued by the Austrian Government [Present-day Austria; Archduchy of Austria]: “[…] in cases where trade books are maintained in Hebrew or the Jewish language or letters […] such [books] are not only invalid […] but that if they need to be translated, the parties in question are to bear the cost of the translation. […]”
Oesterreichische Gewebs- und Handelsgesetzkunde mit vorzüglicher Rücksicht auf das Erzherzogthum Oesterreich und der Ens. Von Joh. Ludwig Ehrenreich Grafen von Barth-Barthenheim. Neunter Band. (Wien; 1846); (Austrian Business and Commercial laws with exquisite/special consideration/emphasis on Archduchy of Austrian and the Ens. By Joh. Ludwig Ehrenreich Count von Barth-Barthenheim. Ninth volume.); (Vienna; 1846); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 8/23/2018