Apr. 20, 1811

“Royal Court Chamber Ordinance” (‘Hofkammerverordnung’) issued by the Royal Court Chamber [Austrian Empire; Present-day Austria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Slovenia, Switzerland, Ukraine]: ”[…] In Bohemia, the Jewish wholesalers are to show proof of business funds/assets of [at least] 30,000 fl.* in the cities of Prague** […] the remaining wholesalers in the country, regardless of the area, are to show proof of 20,000 fl. [to receive a wholesale permit]. […] In Brno (‘Brünn’), Hradec nad Moravici (‘Grätz’)** and Lviv*** (‘Lemberg’), they are to have funds/assets of [at least] 30,000 fl. […] Should wholesalers become established in Austria near Enns, [they] are to show proof of funds/assets in the amount of 20,000 fl. regardless of the area/place […].” [Researcher’s note: *Fl. refers to the Gulden, which was the local currency at that time.  **Even though the text reads “cities of Prague,” it most likely refers to Prague and the surrounding cities/towns.  **Grätz refers here probably to Hradec nad Moravici, a town in the Moravian-Silesian region of the Czech Republic and not to Graz, the second largest city in Austria. *** Lemberg is the German name for the city of Lviv, which is, at the date of this research, the largest city in western Ukraine.]
Handelsbuch der Handelsgesetze und des bei Anwendung derselben bei den Mercantil-Gerichten eintretenden Verfahrens, mit besonderer Rücksicht auf das Erzherzogthum Oesterreich unter der Enns. Von Christian Johann Paurnfeindt, wirklichen k. k. Rath und Referenten bei dem niederösterr. Mercantil- und Wechselgerichte; (Wien; 1836); (Trade book of commercial laws and its procedural application to the commercial/trade courts, with special consideration of the Archduchy of Austria under the Enns. By Christian Johann Paurnfeindt, real/true r[oyal] i[mperial] advisor and referent at the Lower Austrian commercial/trade and exchange court); (Vienna; 1836); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 9/12/2018