Nov. 3, 1814

“Decree” issued by the Emperor Francis [Present-day Austria]: “[…] the use of Hebrew and the so-called Jewish language and script is to be eliminated from all public, legal and extra-judicial activities (‘Handlungen’), and instead the language that is customary in the land (‘landesüblich’) is to be used in the future, and after the announcement of this highest order, all instruments (documents) written in the Hebrew language or even ones using the Hebrew or Jewish script are to be regarded as invalid and void. […]”
Beyträge zur Politischen Gesetzeskunde im österreichischen Kaiserstaate. Herausgegeben von Johann Ludwig Ehrenreich (Graf von Barth-Barthenheim); Erster Band. (Wien; 1821) (Contributions to the Political Jurisprudence in the Austrian Imperial State. Volume I; Edited/Published by Johann Ludwig Ehrenreich (Count of Barth-Barthenheim)); (Vienna; 1821); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 12/18/2017