Nov. 20, 1820

“Governmental Decree” issued by the Austrian Government [Austrian Empire; Present-day Austria, Czech Republic, Hungary]: “[…] If a complete and final [marriage] separation has taken place, and if the mother together with her children, who have held onto their Jewish faith, do not have a special claim for a toleration permit [themselves], the [current] toleration-regulations require her removal […] If the separation of such spouses is only factual and brought forth by the circumstances due to religion, there are two cases to be considered: Either the husband gives his family adequate support/alimony, or the wife has her own assets/fortune or any other kind of legitimate business that can provide for her and her children. In cases where such circumstances occur, the wife and the families cannot really [technically] be prohibited to continue to enjoy the toleration permit, which was formerly given to the family-father. On the other hand, when the sustenance of the family is not secured in a manner that is required, or in any other solid way, the aforementioned (wife) [and her children] are suitable for removal from Vienna anyway according to the toleration regulation. […]” [Researcher’s note: This decree was issued in response to the question as to how one was to legally deal with the wife and the children of a (Jewish) man who had converted to Christianity.]
Politische Verfassung der Israeliten im Lande unter der Enns und insbesondere in der k. k. Haupt- und Residenzstadt Wien. J. L. E. Graf von Barth-Barthenheim. (Wien; 1821). (‘Political Constitution of the Israelis in the Country under/near Enns and especially in the R[oyal] I[mperial] Capital and Royal Seat of Vienna. J. L. E. Count von Barth-Barthenheim.); (Vienna; 1821); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 6/23/2018