Apr. 13, 1235

Papal bull “Pravorum Molestiis Eum,” issued by Pope Gregory IX [Present-day Germany, Slovenia, Netherlands, Belgium, France, Switzerland, Italy, Czech Republic and Austria]: “[…] By means of like (ecclesiastical) punishment you shall force the said creditors to free them from their oath, to desist from the exaction of usury, and to restore the interest already collected. The Jews shall be forced to do this by removing them from intercourse with the faithful. Those (of the crusaders) who are at present unable to pay their debts to Jews, shall not incur the burden of usury until such time as their death or return is definitely known; and the Jews shall be compelled to count into the principal, after necessary expenses had been deducted, the income from the pledge which they have received.”
Grayzel, Solomon. Church And the Jews In the XIIIth Century: a Study of Their Relations During the Years 1198-1254, Based On the Papal Letters And the Conciliar Decrees of the Periods. The Dropsie College for Hebrew and Cognate Learning: Philadelphia PA, 1933. P. 219. Researched by Dominik Jacobs 7/31/2019