Aug. 22, 1257

Canons issued by the Provincial Council of Canterbury, held in London [Present-day United Kingdom]: “XXXII. Jews guilty of offenses against Church property or clerics, as well as sacrilege, and, in particular, the use of violence against a cleric, are to be tried by Courts Christian. The same applies to the case of adultery with a Christian woman. The king has tried to prevent this by claiming the Jews have their own judge and justiciars. Yet, these judges have no cognizance in the above matters; furthermore, anyone convened by them may purge himself of wrongdoing without an oath.”
Grayzel, Solomon. The Church and the Jews in the XIIIth Century, Volume II (1254-1315). The Jewish Theological Seminary of America: New York, 1989. Page 284. Researched by Dominik Jacobs 11/25/2019