Mar. 7, 1289

Papal bull “Cum Olim Inter,” issued by Nicholas IV to the Archbishop of Braga and the Bishops of Portugal [Present-day Portugal]: “[T]he King, when dealing with Jews, shall not prefer them to Christians in public office, save for what was established in the General Council; as far as badges are concerned which distinguish Jews from Christians, as well as tithes paid by the Jews, he will permit both to be compelled, and [the Jews] shall promise him their perpetual servitude.” [Researcher’s Note: The Pope here simultaneously confirms and codifies an understanding that had been reached between the King of Portugal and the Church.]
Grayzel, Solomon. The Church and the Jews in the XIIIth Century, Volume II (1254-1315). The Jewish Theological Seminary of America: New York, 1989. Page 172. Researched by Dominik Jacobs 10/29/2019