Jul. 18, 1315

“Ordinance” (‘Ordonnanz’) of Louis X [Kingdom of France; Present-day France]: “[…] To all faithfuls and subordinates/subjects of the Kingdom of France, Greetings. […] Firstly. Jews may be permitted to return and remain in our Kingdom for the next 12 years in cities and places where they lived before [they were expelled] … 2) Also, they are to work with their hands (pursue craftsmanship) or trade […] 3) Also, they are to wear a visible sign […] which is to be as wide as a white-silver tournois [currency] and a different color than the rope/overcoat […] and the more apparent the better […] 4) Jews may collect debts owed to them […] and keep a third of it* [while the other two-thirds are to go to the kingdom …]” [Researcher’s note: Two-thirds of the debts collected are to go to the kingdom. The above ordinance contains 20 paragraphs and has been abbreviated to fit the allocated space. A number of them offer Jews limited protection, albeit for only a limited time. The full French text can be found in the cited source.]
Ordonnance pour le rappel des Juifs, pendant douze années, Auteur Louis X, King of France; Relmin, Le Statut Légal Des Minorités Religieuses Dans L’espace Euro-Méditerranéen (Ordinance for the recall of Jews for 12 years. The legal status of religious minorities in the Euro-Mediterranean Area); www.cn-telma.fr; Accessed online; Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 3/30/2020