Mar. 27, 1319

“Order” of Pope Johannes/John XXII addressed to the Deacon of Strasbourg [Present-day France; Free Imperial City of Strasbourg]: “[…] it has come to Our attention […] that many Jews have extorted and still try to extort a lot of money through the evil act of usury […] which are based on oaths and public records/documents and guarantees of citizens and other collateral handed over to them [by monks] […]; if this is so, you [the Deacon of Strasbourg] are to force the Jews to rescind the oath, [and] to free the guarantors from their guarantees, and content themselves with the [lent] capital and to return the already collected usury interests which they have extorted to the Abbot and the convent […].” [Researcher’s note: The document is officially notarized with a seal on 7/17/1319 in Strasbourg.]
Stuttgart, HStA, A 502, U 63, Abschr. (besiegeltes Vidimus des Straßburger Offizials vom 17. Juli 1319), lat., Perg. (“Stuttgart, Main State Archive, A 502, U 63, Transcr. (sealed Vidimus (‘We saw’) of the Strasbourg Officials from July 17, 1319, Latin, [on] Parchment [Paper]”); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 3/9/2017