Jan. 29, 1330

“Visa” (‘Visum’)* of the Episcopal Court of Speyer [Present-day Germany]: “[…] power-of-attorney of Emperor Louis (‘Ludewicus’) given to his Chancellor Hermann von Lichtenstein (’Hermanno de Lichtenberg’) for the taxation of the Jews in the empire.” [Researcher’s note: The above is a translation of a German summary of the original text both of which can be found in the cited source. The original writ is located in the City-Archive of Speyer. *In the Middle Ages, a Visa/Visum (from the Latin: videre = to see) was an official document often issued by a ruler that gave an officer of his court the order and power of attorney to “go see” a particular community in order to impose/collect the requested taxes.]
Urkunden zur Geschichte der Stadt Speyer. Mit Historischen Verein der Pfalz zu Speyer gewidmet von Heinrich Hilgard-Villard. Gesammelt und herausgegeben von Alfred Hilgard. (Strassburg; 1885); (Official documents regarding the history of the city Speyer. With the Historical Society of the Palatine of Speyer, dedicated by Heinrich Hilgard-Willard. Collected and published by Alfred Hilgard. (Strasbourg; 1885); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 7/7/2020