Jul. 21, 1331

“Mandate” of Emperor Louis IV (Ludwig der Bayer) [Present-day Germany; Free Imperial City of Frankfurt and Wetterau]: “[…] We announce that We have come to an agreement with the Jews, our dear chamber-servants. […] We command the head of the community (‘Schultheizzen’), the Council and the citizens of Frankfurt to shield and protect them [the Jews] so long they make payments as agreed upon. […]  That is why we have chosen to have mercy upon them […] and require that nobody is to urge or force them in Our name in any way or hurt them […] starting on St. Jacob’s Day and for the next ten years as long as they make annual payment […].” [Researcher’s note: This document was signed in Nuremberg, Bavaria.]
UB Frankfurt 2, Nr. 415, S. 310; MGH, Const. 6, 2, Nr. 130, S. 78; (“Certificate Book [of] Frankfurt 2, No. 415, p. 310; Monuments of Germanic History, Constitutions 6, 2, No. 130, p. 78”); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 4/23/2017