ca. 1360

“Ordinance Requiring Jews to Wear Distinguishing Markings” issued by Pope Innocent VI, 1360 [Present-day Italy] [Unconfirmed]

Commentary from other sources:
1) “In 1360 an ordinance of the city of Rome required all male Jews, with the exception of physicians, to wear a coarse red cape, and all women to wear a red apron. Inspectors were appointed to enforce the regulation. Noncompliance was punished by a fine of 11 scudi; informers who pointed out offenders were entitled to half the fine.”
“Jewish Identification: Jewish Badge;”

2) “The Jews were also forced to labor at the restoration of the walls of Rome without any compensation.”
“History of the Jews in Italy;”