Nov. 8, 1563

“Privilege” issued by Emperor Ferdinand I for the City of Opole [Present-day Poland]: “We, Ferdinand, Roman Emperor by the grace of God, […] order with this letter and grant Our city of Opole and its subjects, who have suffered [at the hand] of the present local Jews […] that no Jew may settle, live, or arrive in this city or its suburbs in the future and for all time […] and that all Jews who are currently present in the city itself and its suburbs are to leave […] within a year of issuance of [this] Our imperial letter during which they are to collect any outstanding debt, sell their houses, and settle any debt they may owe a Christian […] so that no Jew may be present in named city and its suburbs in the future […].”
Zur Geschichte der Juden in Böhmen, Mähren und Schlesien von 906 bis 1620. Herausgegeben von Gottlieb Bondy, em. Präsidenten der Handels- und Gewerbekammer in Prag. Zur Herausgabe vorbereitet und ergänzt von Franz Dworsky, em. Director des Landesarchivs des Königreiches Böhmens. I. 906 bis 1576. (Prag; 1906); (Regarding the history of Jews in Bohemia, Moravia, and Silesia from 906 to 1620. Published by Gottlieb Bondy, fo[rmer] President of the Trade and Commerce and Industry in Prague. Prepared for publication and supplemented by Franz Dworsky, fo[rmer] Director of the National Archives of the Kingdom of Bohemia. I. 906 to 1576.); (Prague; 1906); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 7/9/2019