Apr. 9, 1570

“Order” of Bishop John (‘Johann von Hoya’) [Prince-Bishopric of Münster; Present-day Germany]: “To all officers of the Stift* of Münster. John (‘Johnn’) by the Grace of God […] Since we have been asked by the parliament of Münster […] to get rid of the Jews […] who are occasionally found to be present (‘erhalten teten’) in our Stift, and to no longer to tolerate them […] it is therefore our order that all Jews in Your jurisdiction (in Euweren befolhenem ambt’) whether they have received the aforementioned permit or any other […] are expelled with all earnestness within the next 14 days and […] to no longer permit them [to settle…] which we rely/depend on you to enforce.” [Researcher’s note: Stifts were independent territories within the Holy Roman Empire.]
Westfalia Judaica III. Quellen und Regesten zur Geschichte der Juden in der Stadt Münster 1530-1650/1662. Herausgegeben von Diethard Aschoff. Institutum Judaicum Delitzschianum der Westfälischen Wilhelms-Universität Münster. Band 3.1. (“Jewish Westfalia III. Sources and Regests Regarding the History of Jews in the City of Münster 1530-1650/1662. Edited by Diethard Aschoff. Institutum Judaicum Delitzschianum at the Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Westphalia.”); (Münster; 2000); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 10/19/2018