Nov. 8, 1648

“Decisions” issued by the City of Hamburg [Free Imperial City of Hamburg; Present-day Germany]: “[…] Each time they (Jews) come to the city, they are to give one escort-Gulden* (‘Geleitsgulden’)*. [Researcher’s note: A Geleitsgulden was a “permit” fee that allowed Jews to enter the city of Hamburg during the day in order to do business.]
Monatsschrift für Geschichte und Wissenschaft des Judentums. Begründet von Dr. Z. Frankel, fortgesetzt von Professor Dr. Graetz. Dreiundvierzigster Jahrgang. (“Monthly Journal of History and Science of Judaism. Founded by Z. Frankel, PhD., continued by Professor Graetz, PhD. Forth-third edition.”); (Berlin; 1899); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 10/28/2018